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- Medals (90)
Italy, Venetia. Portrait plaquette (Bronze, 59 x 41mm, 67 g), a very early or contemporary cut-out, one sided plaquette of Nicolaus Schlifer, by Giovanni Boldù, (1457). Bare headed and draped bust of Nicolaus Schlifer to left. Rev. Slightly concave and unfinished surface as cast, with three later screw holes for attachment. Hill, Corpus, 418. Kress 140 = NG 161 ( references to the complete medal). Hill, Corpus, p. 110, note to 418 (this piece cited). An attractive and interesting artifact, probably unique, with good details and a fine dark brown patina. Good very fine.
France. Charles VIII. 1483-1497. Medal (Silver, 40.2mm, 14.86 g), by Louis Lepère (fl. 1456-1500), Jean Lepère (fl. 1492 -† c. 1534-1537) and Nicolas de Florence (†1499), Lyons, dated 1493 but probably struck c. 1502 or 1515. FELIX FORTVNA DIV EXPLORATVM ACTVLIT 1493 (a happy fortune brought him who we have sought so long) On a field semé with fleurs-de-lis, crowned and draped bust of Charles VIII to right, wearing the Order of St. Michael. Rev. R P LVGDVNEN (lion) ANNA REGNANTE CONFLAVIT (=the Republic of Lyon cast the lion when Anna was Queen) On a field semé with lis (to left) and ermines (to right), crowned bust of Anne of Brittany to right, wearing rosary. Armand I, p. 89, 24. Jones 13. Pollard 599 = Kress 526. M. Veillon, “Genèse et Essor de la Médaille Royale dans la France,” The Medal 50, Spring 2007, p. 18, fig. 5. Extremely rare, a contemporary striking with a lovely gray patina. Extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire. Maximilian I. 1508-1519. Medal (Silver, 84mm, 127.1 g 12), on the pardon of Franz von Sickingen, 1518. COLE.DEVM.EXIN.PVBLICA.AMA.IVSTVMQVE.TVERE.MDCXVIII Crowned and armored bust of Maximilian I to right, wearing collar of the Order of the Golden Fleece and a richly engraved cuirass, and holding a sword in his right hand and a scepter in his left. Rev. ARMIS MERCVRIVM SI NON PRAEPONAS MAXIME CAESAR SEMPER ERIS VICTOR FAVSTAQVE REGNA TENENS (on a ribbon beginning in the field before Franz von Sickingen’s mouth and continuing around the coin). Franz von Sickingen, bare-headed but in full armor, kneeling to right with a shield bearing his arms below, the letters F.V.S in the field behind him, and holding the end of the ribbon bearing his words; before him to right, the Emperor Maximilian, crowned, in full regalia, holding scepter and globus cruciger, and wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece, seated to left on a throne ornamented with the imperial eagle. Domanig -. Habich I, 25 var. Extremely rare and important. An original cast with finely worked details; a remarkably impressive example of early 16th century metal work. Unevenly toned, otherwise, extremely fine.
Germany, Augsburg. c. 1520. Plaque (Bronze - bell metal, silvered, 139 x 103mm, 461 g), circle of Hans Schwarz. At the center, the Virgin, nimbate and seated facing on high-backed throne, her body turned slightly to the right and her head turned slightly left, holding the infant Jesus, nimbate, lying on her lap; He turns slightly to the right, raising his right hand in benediction and resting his left on an orb; at bottom left and right, winged putto helping to fold the Virgin’s robes; at middle left, putto arranging the Virgin’s hair; at middle right, a putto playing a flute; and above to left and right, wingless child arranging garlands behind the Virgin’s throne; to left and right at the edge, pilaster. Rev. Plain with some incuse areas behind the high points of the obverse design. Kress 437 (but lacking the side pilasters). Toderi-Vannel 380. Weber 125. Very rare. A remarkably fine piece, toned, beautifully detailed and in very high relief. Good extremely fine.
Austria. Ferdinand I. 1521-1558-1564. Medal (Silver, 57mm, 69.3 g 12), Struck to commemorate the 20th birthdays of Ferdinand and Anna, unsigned and by an unknown German master, 1523. FERD:ARCH:AVSTR:ET ANNE HVG:REG.CONIVG//EFFIGIES AETA:VTRIVSQVE.ANNO.XX//M.D - XX/III Jugate three-quarter busts of Ferdinand and Anne of Hungary to left, both wearing elaborate robes and simple hair wreaths Rev. Order of the Golden Fleece surrounding the entwined initials F and A; below, to left and right of the Golden Fleece, and incised into the surface at a later date, the letters F - E (= Frédéric Engel, see below). Domanig 72. Mueller-Lebanon 69 (this piece). An original cast silver example, with an old ring mount of thick, twisted silver wire and a contemporary suspension ring; all with remains of contemporary gilding. A remarkably fine piece, with carefully stippled surfaces done after the casting process was completed. Good very fine.
GERMANY. Augsburg. 1527. Medal (Bronze, 67 mm, 87.00 g, 6 h), on Matthäus Schwartz (1497-1574), Augsburg, by Friedrich Hagenauer (fl. 1525-1544). MATHEVS SCHWARTZ VINDE ETATIS ANNO XXX Bust of Schwartz to left, wearing wide-brimmed hat and full robes; to left and right, M.D. - XXVII.; to left, artist’s monogram. Rev. FIAT VOLVNTAS TVA Shield of arms with helmet and crest. Habich 496 (but 70 mm). An old cast with an attractive brown patina. Good very fine.
GERMANY, Nürnberg (Stadt). Uniface Medal (Bronze, 42mm, 20.11 g), on the 30th birthday of Charles V, by Matthes Gebel (c. 1500-1574), undated but 1530. IMP CAES CAROLVS V P F AVGVST AN AET XXX Draped bust of Charles V to right, wearing flat hat and the Order of the Golden Fleece. Rev. Blank. Bernhart 65. Pollard 723 = Kress 599 var. A very attractive, thin and contemporary cast of high quality, with a fine brown patina. Traces of a casting sprue on the reverse, extremely fine.
Germany - Bohemia, Erzgebirge. Medal (Silver, 46.03mm, 17.15 g 12), By Hieronymus Magdeburger (fl. 1520-1540), on Joab and Amasa, and on the capture of Jesus, c. 1530. IOAB SPRACH ZV AMASA FRID MIT DIR MEIN BRVDER 2 SA 2O (=And Joab said to Amasa, it is well with thee my Brother? 2 Samuel 20 <9> ) Scene of the murder of Amasa by his cousin Joab (2 Sam. 20:) Rev. GOT GRVS DICH MEISTER VND KVSSET IN MATTHES 26 Scene of the taking of Christ by the Romans and the kiss of Judas. Goppel 9. Katz 127. Very rare. A struck original splendidly preserved, lightly toned and lustrous. Good extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire, Bohemia. Joachimsthal. Ferdinand I. 1526-1564. Medal (Silver, 42mm, 24.60 g 12), a cast medal from a model by Utz Gebhart (fl. 1518-1532), Zwickau, 1531. DIVI.FRIDRICHVS.3.MAXIMILIANVS.FILI:IMPER:ROMANI. followed by a cross within a crescent (= mark of Utz Gebhart) Jugate busts right of the emperors Friedrich III (1452-1493), crowned and wearing ornate robes, and Maximilian I (1493-1519), wearing cap, robes and Order of the Golden Fleece. Rev. NOBILISS:AC.ILLVSTRISS:DOMVS.AVSTRIACAE.INSIGNIA.ANNO.126.96.36.199. Crowned shield bearing the Hapsburg arms, supported by two putti.. Katz 151a. Lanna 555. Rare. An attractively toned, contemporary cast. Fields very lightly smoothed, otherwise, extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire. Ferdinand I. 1521-1558-1564. Thick ‘Schautaler’ (Silver, 31.72mm, 26.21 g 11), undated but struck in 1531. Jugate crowned busts of Ferdinand and Anne of Hungary to right, both wearing robes and the Order of the Golden Fleece Rev. .FERDI-/NANDVS.ET./ANNA.ROM.HV-/NG.BOHE.REX.ET/REGINA.ARCHI/D.AVST.DUC:BVRG.Z& Fiala, Donebauer, 1013. Markl 2097. Montenuovo Collection 598. Minor marks, but attractively toned and unusually nice. Nearly extremely fine.
Italy, Florence. Alessandro de’Medici. 1531-1536. Medal (Silver, 33mm, 22.86 g 6), a cast by Domenico di Polo de’ Vetri (after 1480-c. 1547), 1533-1536. ALEXANDER.MED.FLORENTIAE.DVX.P. Bare head of Alexander to right. Rev. Female figure, half-draped, seated right on pile of shields, holding a cornucopiae with her right hand and, with her left hand, pouring out a libation from a patera over a burning altar to right. For the obverse portrait, see Attwood 774-775. The reverse is apparently unknown in this form. Apparently unique. A very fine original cast, the reverse slightly soft. Nicely toned, good very fine.
Italy, Rome. Medal (Bronze, 37mm, 45,66 g 7), by Giovanni Bernardi da Castel Bolognese (1494-1553), c. 1534-1538. .ΑΥΓ.ΙMΠ. Μ.ΚΟΜΟΔ.ΑΝΤ. Bare-headed, bearded, draped and cuirassed bust of Commodus to right; all within wreath of grain and poppies. Rev. ΦΟΕΛΙΚΙΤ / ΑΥΓ (=Felicitas Aug) In foreground, lion attacking a horse to left; behind, portico from which a standing figure views the scene; all within laurel wreath. Attwood 930. P. Attwood, Giovanni Bernardi and the question of medal attribution in 16th century Italy, Perspectives on the Renaissance Medal (New York, 2000), fig. 11. Calveri 18 (this piece). Very rare. An attractive and well-struck medal with a warm, chestnut-brown patina. Nearly extremely fine.
Germany / Poland, Breslau (Wrocław). 1535. Medal in the weight of 1 1/4 ducats (Gold, 21 mm, 4.29 g 11), on Nicolas Jenkwitz, councilor of Breslau, by Ludwig Neufahrer (c. 1505-1563). NICLAS:IE.NCKWICZ:1535 Draped and bare-headed bust of Jenkwitz to right. Rev. Arms of Jenkwitz with helmet and crest; to left and right, N I. Habich 1414. Lanna 1187. Extremely rare, an original striking with a fine portrait. A lovely piece, beautifully centered and well struck, good extremely fine.
France. François I. 1515-1547. Medal (Bronze, 35mm, 25.80 g 6), an early cast, possibly by G. M. Pomedelli (1478-1537) but probably better attributed to an unknown 16th century French medalist, Paris, after c. 1535. FRANCISCVS.I.FRANCORVM.REX Facing bust of François I, turned slightly to the right, wearing soft cap and brocaded robes. Rev. CHRISTIANAE.REIP.PROPVGNATORI Unicorn standing left, before a mountainous landscape, dipping his horn into a stream pouring down from the mountains. Kress 537 (here by an unattributed artist) = NG 615. Extremely rare. A very attractive early cast with a fine brown patina. Pierced with a small hole above the king’s head and with rounded edges, otherwise, good very fine.
Italy. Lorenzino de’ Medici. 1514-1548. Medal (Bronze, 36mm, 26.40 g 6), on the murder of Alessandro de’ Medici on 6 January 1537. Uncertain Tuscan artist: it has been variously attributed to Cavino, Belli and de’Vetri, after 1537. LAVRENTIVS MEDICES Bare-headed and draped bust of Lorenzino to right, in antique style. Rev. VIII.ID.IAN (=The 8th of the Ides of January) Cap of Liberty between two daggers. Attwood 891. Börner 897. A later but very fine cast. Attractively toned. Very fine.
ITALY, Tuscany. Florence. Cosimo I, Duke, later Grand Duke of Tuscany, 1537-1569-1574. Medal (Bronze, 32 mm, 26.58 g, 6 h), an original struck example by Domenico di Polo de’ Vetri (after 1480-c. 1547), Florence, after c. 1537. COSMVS.MED. .II.REI.P.FLOR.DVX. Bare headed and cuirassed bust of Cosimo I to right. Rev. *:ANIMI:CONSCIENTIA:ET:FIDVCIA:FATI: (=an awareness of the soul and a trust in fate) Capricorn to left; above to right, eight stars. Attwood 783. Kress 315 = NG 360. A lovely piece with a rich, dark reddish brown patina. Some minor marks, otherwise. Good very fine.
Italy, Venice. Pietro Lando, Doge. 1539-1545. Medal (Bronze, 39mm, 31.70 g 6), a struck example by Andrea Spinelli (1508-1572), 1539. CONCORDIA.PARVAE.RES.CRES-CVNT. (= in harmony small things prosper) Christ, on the right, standing slightly to left and blessing, on the left, the kneeling Doge and five senators; in field above, SENATVS / VENETVS; in exergue, .1539. Rev. .ADRIATICI.REGINA..MARIS. (= Queen of the Adriatic Sea) The personification of Venice seated facing, between two lions, and holding scales and cornucopiae; to right, trophy of arms; to left, galley; in exergue, .AND.SPINELLI. / .F. . Attwood 209. Kress 416 = NG 474 . Rare in this condition, an attractive, struck example with a tan patina and unusually nice. Extremely fine.
Italy. Francesco Querini. Died c. 1563. Medal (Bronze, 34mm, 26.95 g 12), an early cast example, by Giovanni da Cavino (1500-1570), c. 1540 (?). Original legend obliterated from the die Bare-headed, bearded and draped bust of Querini to right, in classical style. Rev. PERPETVA SOBOLES (= unbroken lineage) She wolf standing right, head turned back to left to suckle the Roman Twins. Attwood 284. Pollard, Bargello, 770. Voltolina 441. An attractive piece with a brownish-gold patina. Very fine.
Italy. c. 1540. Medal (Bronze, 39mm, 41.87 g 7), a contemporary cast example by G. Cavino (but often attributed to a Paduan medalist, HB). Bearded bust of Hercules to right, wearing ivy wreath and with lion’s skin knotted around his neck. Rev. On the right, Hercules standing left in classical armor, being presented with the skin of Nessus by Lichas, wearing armor and advancing to the right; in exergue, mongram of HB and eagle with spread wings. Attwood 298. Kress 411 = NG 468. A splendid contemporary cast, with an obverse in high relief. Attractive dark brown patina. Good very fine.
Germany. Philipp Melanchthon. 1497-1560. Medal (Bronze, 46mm, 40.01 g 12), an original cast by Friedrich Hagenauer (fl. 1525-1546), Cologne, 1543. PHILIPPVS MELANTHON.A°.ÆTATIS SVÆ XLVII (leaf).* Bearded bust of Melanchthon to left, wearing flat cap and gown. Rev. PSAL.36. / SVDITVS ESTO / DEO ET ORA EVM. / ANNO. / M.D.XLIII. / * (= Psalm 36, under the shadow of Thy wings, O God. 1543) Habich 652. Kress 594 = NG 708. Trusted 83. A very fine and sharp original cast with an attractive dark brown patina. Holed for suspension, otherwise, extremely fine.
Bohemia. 1546. Medal (Silver, 55mm, 38.28 g 12), bearing representations of the Last Supper and the Last Judgment, by Nickel Milicz and his workshop in Joachimsthal. DESIDERIO.DESIDERAVI.HOC.PASCHA.MANDVCARE.VOBISCUM.9V.LV.XII (actually, Luke XXII, 15 = with desire I have desired this pasch with you, before View of Christ and the Disciples at the Last Supper; below, 1546. Rev. VIGILATE 9VIA NESCITIS 9VA HORA DOMINVS VETVRVS EST 9VARE MAT 2 4 (based on Matthew 24.42, watch ye therefore, because you know not what hour your Lord will come) Christ seated facing on a rainbow in the clouds with the globe of the Earth, covered in stars; in the clouds to His left and right, and below on the ground below the globe of the earth, crowds of naked men and women awaiting the Last Judgment. Donebauer 4340. Katz 347. Attractively toned and clear. Tiny scratch on the obverse, otherwise, an impressive piece and, extremely fine.
Italy, Parma. Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza. 1547-1586. Medal (Bronze, 31mm, 22.22 g 12), A very sharp early cast by Gianfederico Bonzagna (after 1507-1588), c.1547/1550. OCTAVIVS.F.PARM.ET.PLAC.DVX.II. Bare-headed, cuirasssed and draped bust of Ottavio to left; below, signature I.F.B Rev. CVM.DIIS.NON.CONTENDENDVM. (= do not contend with the gods) Apollo, laureate and with cloak over his shoulders, standing left, holding lyre with his left hand and raising his right towards Marsyas, kneeling left, bound to a tree trunk. Attwood 956. A splendid, sharp early, if not contemporary cast with lovely brown patina. Extremely fine.
Spain/Italy. Charles V. 1519-1556. Medal (Silver, 75mm, 124.31 g 12), in honor of Isabella of Portugal (1503-1539), wife of Charles V, by Leone Leoni, circa 1549. DIVA ISABELLA AVGVSTA CAROLI V VX Bust of Isabella, three-quarter facing and turned slightly to left, wearing an elaborately embroidered gown, a pendant jewel and with her hair braided around the top of her head. Rev. HAS HABET ET SVPERAT (=she has these and surpasses them) At the center, the Three Graces standing in a circle, their arms around each other; the one on the left holding flowers above an amoretto who leaps up to them; the one on the right holds, together with the one at the center, a wreath of fruits; at her feet to right, another amoretto clutches her leg; at their feet, to left, an upturned vase from which water flows and, to right, a basket of fruit. Armand I, p. 168, 25. Attwood 28. Middeldorf/Stiebral LVI (this piece). Extremely rare. A very fine contemporary cast, very carefully made and nicely toned. Nearly extremely fine.
Germany, Augsburg. c. 1600 (for the original). Plaquette (Bronze, 119 x 86mm, 243 g), c. 1700. Christ, his arms bound behind him, a cloak over his shoulders and a cloth over his loins, standing facing at the bottom of a flight of steps, his head turned slightly to left; on the left, a bearded priest, wearing long robes and a turban, stands facing on the step behind, pointing at something held in his hand; on the right, on the step above, a soldier, wearing shorter robes, boots and a wide-brimmed hat, stands facing, holding the fetters that bind Christ, but looking away from him to the right, his face covered by his hat; behind, in the arched doorway at the top of the steps, a crowd of men, some holding pikes. Rev. Plain, with some areas of incuse behind the high relief areas on the obverse; remains of attachment nails at 12, 3, 6 and 9 o’clock. Ciechanowiecki 458 (18th century). E. Imbert, Le placchette italiane, secoli XV-XIX (Milan, 1941), 168. F. Rossi, Musei civici di Brescia. Placchette secoli XV-XIX (Vicenza, 1974), 210. Weber 451. Rare and very well made with a fine olive-brown patina. Extremely fine.
Italy, Papal States. Rome. Paul III. 1534-1549. Medal (Silver, 39mm, 30.44 g 6), on the renewal of the city for the Holy Year of 1550. Unsigned but attributed to A. Cesati (d. after 1564), or possibly to Federico Bonzagna (c.1507-1588), undated but 1550. PAVLVS III PONT MAX AN XVI Bare-headed bust of Paul III to right, wearing elaborate robes showing a scene of the breaking of the Holy Door, and with a large medal showing the Pope enthroned hanging from his neck. Rev. ALMA ROMA View of the city of Rome with its many palaces and churches, and with the Tiber running through it. Attwood p. 380, 71. Modesti, Corpus Numismatum Omnium Romanorum Pontificum II, Rome 2003, 348. Extremely rare and most important, with a wonderful view of Rome. Toned. About extremely fine.
Italy. Baldovino Ciocchi del Monte. 1485-1556. Medal (Bronze, 42mm, 29.04 g 12), a very sharp original cast example, by G. Cavino, after 1550. COMES. .BALDVINVS DE MONTE Bearded bust of Baldovino to left, wearing robes and chain of office. Rev. MAGIS.VICI.SED TIBI (=I conquered more but it was for you) Nude horseman riding right, spearing cavalryman lying over his fallen horse to left; below right, fallen soldier; to right, arched gateway. Attwood 288. NG 450 = Kress 394. Very rare. A most attractive and sharp example with a fine reddish brown patina. Reverse slightly weak as usual. Extremely fine.
Italy. Mid 16th century. Medal (Bronze, 34mm, 22.45 g 8), commemorating Homer, an early, probably contemporary, cast by G. Cavino (1500-1570). ΟΜΗ - ΡΟC Bare-headed, bearded and draped bust of Homer to right. Rev. Mars standing facing, head turned to left, between, on the left, Fortuna seated right, and, on the right, Augustus seated facing accompanied by Victory; below, in exergue, reclining figures of Terra and Oceanus. Attwood 295. NG 455. An attractive piece with a brown patina, but with a few minor scratches. Good very fine.
Italy, Rome. c. 1550. Medal (Bronze, 39mm, 42.84 g 1), on king Priam of Troy, an early, if not contemporary, cast by A. Cesati (d. after c. 1564). ΠΡΙΑΜΟΣ.ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ Bearded and diademed bust of Priam to right. Rev. ΤΡΟΙΑ View of the city of Troy, showing numerous temples and buildings, and with the walls of the citadel inscribed ΙΛΙΟΝ; below walls, harbor with galleys. Attwood 941. Kress 539 = NG 420. With a lovely dark brownish-gold patina, a very attractive example. Extremely fine.
Rome. c.1550. Medal (Bronze, 44mm, 58 g 6), on queen Dido of Carthage, an early, if not contemporary, cast by A. Cesati (d. after c. 1564). ΔΙΔΩ ΒΑΣΙΛΙΣΣΑ Draped bust of Dido to right, wearing jeweled hair band and olive wreath. Rev. ΚΑΡΧΗΔΩΝ View of the walled city of Carthage with temples, pylons, palaces and an amphitheater; below, galleys. Attwood 942. Kress 368 = NG 419. A very fine early cast with excellent details and a lovely golden-brown patina. Nearly extremely fine.
Italy, Padua. c. 1550. Medal (Silver, 38mm, 53 g 6), an original cast medalion of Commodus, based on the sestertius of 184/5, as BMC 556; by Giovanni da Cavino (1500-1570). .M.COMMODVS.ANTONINVS.AVG.PIVS.BRIT Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Commodus to right. Rev. .P.M.TR.P.X IMP VI.COS.II.P.P. / SALVS Salus seated on a throne to left, feeding a snake from a patera held in her right hand; to left, statue of Bacchus right on pillar and vine, around which the snake is entwined. Kress 409 = NG 466 (but a later copper strike). An impressive, sharp and detailed original cast; with traces of original gilding. Some minor casting marks, some smoothing, and traces of a removed mount, otherwise, nearly extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire, Bohemia. Medal (Silver, 49mm, 24.73 g 12), an original struck example, from the circle of Nickel Milicz, Joachimsthal, undated but c. 1550. PASTORES.IN.INVENIVNT.MARIA.IOSEPH.Z.INFANTEM:IESVM:POSITV.IN.PRAE.LVC.Z Elaborate but partially ruinous stable building, with columns and arches; within, the infant Jesus with Maria kneeling and Joseph standing beside Him and, around, three shepherds: one coming in from the left, and one kneeling and another standing on the right; at the center, cow looking at the Child; on the right, donkey; above, shining through the roof, Star of Bethlehem. Rev. MAGI.AB.ORIENTE.CHRISTO.MVNERA.DEFERVNT.AVRVM.THVS.Z.MYRRHAM.MA.II Elaborate but partially ruinous stable building, with columns and arches; within, Maria seated right, holding the infant Jesus; before her, the three Magi, two standing and one kneeling, offering three covered chalices containing their gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh; behind, male figure walking right (Joseph?); above, shining through the roof, Star of Bethlehem. Katz 406. Kress, Goppel-Plum, 47. Very rare as a struck example. Lightly toned and very sharp and well struck. Very light traces of a removed mount, otherwise, extremely fine.
Italy. Medal (Gold, 34.5mm, 36.73 g 7), in honor of Faustina II, an original struck example, by Giovanni da Cavino (1500-1570), Padua, c. mid 1550s. FAVSTINA.AVG.ANTONINI.AVG.PII.FIL. Draped bust of the youthful Faustina II to right, her hair bound with pearls and rolled up into a bun at the top of her head. Rev. Six Vestal Virgins, draped and standing three to either side of a round temple of Vesta with a statue visible within, sacrificing over a burning altar; to the right, togate child standing left, next to one of the Virgins; in exergue, S C . Johnson/Martin 1729. Klawans 2. Kress 407 = NG 464. Lawrence 59 (all these references refer to the bronze or silver versions of this medal). Of the greatest rarity and the highest importance. Possible traces of mounting and of wear probably artificially induced to suggest great age, otherwise, very fine.
Italy, Milan (?). Charles V. 1519-1556. Medal (Silver, 97.4mm, 311 g 12), a very large cast and chased silver medal of Milanese style. Possibly by Leoni but this is debated, c. 1551-1556. .IMP.CAES.CAROLVS.V.AVG. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Charles V to right, with his cloak fastened at his breast with a brooch in the form of a winged cherub, and wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece hanging from a cord around his neck. Rev. .PHILIPVS.AVSTR.CAROLI.V.CAES.F. Philip II, wearing armor and holding a marshal’s baton in his right hand, riding right on a horse, which has his tail tied in a loop and plumes on his head, prancing to right. Attwood 1182 (a uniface bronze example of the obverse). Bernhart 178 (bronze). Molinari 322 (lead). Oppenheimer, Christie’s 1936, 191 (gilt bronze = MMA 60.55.54, a later cast). Scher, Currency of Fame, 156 (bronze). Of great rarity, probably the only known example in silver. Nicely toned. With considerable after casting work: the fields are smoothed, the areas around the lettering stippled, and all the design has been strengthened; very minor bangs and, on the edge, possible traces of having been inset into a holder, otherwise, extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire, Klagenfurt. 2 Ducats (Gold, 25.7mm, 6.81 g 11), School prize from the Protestant Gymnasium in Klagenfurt, Carinthia, undated but c. 1555. EGO.SVM.VIA.VERI: .ET.VITA.I.4 (=I am the way, the truth and the life. (John 14)) Half-length, nimbate bust of Christ to right, raising His right hand in blessing and holding a globus cruciger in His left. Rev. :AGNVS:DEI.QVI TOLIT PECCATA.MVNDI: (=Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world) Lamb standing left on field, bearing long cross with pennant. Cf. Lanz 87, 19 May 1998, 505 (same dies). Very rare, apparently one of only two or three known examples. Impressive and attractive. Good very fine.
Italy. Antoninus Florianus. Medal (Bronze, 34mm, 32.44 g 6), An original struck example, by Giovanni da Cavino (1500-1570), c. 1555-1570. FLORIANVS ANTONINVS ANDREAE F Bare-headed and bearded bust of Florianus to right, wearing simple shirt, buttoned up the front Rev. AETERNITATI / SACRVM A group of six men and a dog standing before a richly decorated palace with a pedimental roof. Attwood -. Forrer, BDM 1146. A superb and very rare medal, perfectly struck and with a rich dark patina. Good extremely fine.
Spain / Netherlands. Philip II. 1556-1598 . Medal (Bronze, 43mm, 40.84 g 12), A cast by an unknown artist taken from the original by G. Poggini (1518-c.1580), but re-engraved, Brussels or Spain, 1556. PHILLIPPVS.D.G.ET.CAR.V.AVG.PAT.BENIGNIT.HISP.REX.1556 Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Philip II to left, with aegis on his chest. Rev. .VT QVIESCAT. .ATLAS. (= that Atlas may rest) Hercules, with lion skin draped over his shoulders, standing facing, holding globe adorned with stars and the band of the zodiac. Cf. Attwood 1078 and NG 384 = Kress 338 (all referring to the signed type by Poggini). Pinchart 19, 1. van Loon I, p. 8, II. An attractive piece, with skillful after-cast engraving and a fine olive-brown patina. An old cast. Good very fine.
Italy. Bernhart, Count of Salamanca-Ortenburg. Died c. 1520. Medal (35mm, 31.42 g 7), an original struck example, by Giovanni da Cavino (1500-1570), c. 1560. .BER.COM. .ORTENBVRG.XIX. Bare-headed and armored bust of Bernhart to right; behind neck, countermark (effaced) Rev. Soldier, wearing classical armor, striding right, attempting to lasso a horse rearing to right; below, sword, shield and helmet. Attwood 282. Toderi Vannel 968. Very rare. Beautiful golden brown patina. Remains of an effaced countermark behind the neck, otherwise, extremely fine.
Italy, Tuscany. Florence. Cosimo I, Duke, later Grand Duke of Tuscany. 1537-1569-1574. Medal (Bronze, 39.6mm, 30 g 6), an early cast by D. Poggini (1520-1590), 1561. COSMVS MED.FLOREN.ET SENAR.DVX II. Draped and cuirassed bust of Cosimo I to right; below truncation, 1561. Rev. HETRVRIA PACATA Concordia standing facing, her head to left, holding a standard in her right hand and a cornucopiae in her left; behind her, the lion of Florence to left and the she-wolf with twins of Sienna to right. Attwood 813. A sharp and attractive early cast with a fine brown patina. Traces of a remove mount above Cosimo’s head, otherwise, extremely fine.
Italy, Florence. Cosimo I de’ Medici. 1537-1574. Medal (Bronze, 40mm, 35.08 g 6), on the construction of the Palace of the Uffizi. By Domenico Poggini, 1561. COSMVS MED.FLOREN.ET SENAR.DVX II. Bust of Cosimo I to right, bare headed, bearded, wearing armor and cloak; beneath truncation, 1561. Rev. PVBLICAE COMMODITATI Aequitas standing facing, her head to left, holding scales and cornucopiae; behind her, views of the Palazzo degli Uffizi, the Loggia della Signoria, and the Palazzo Vecchio. Attwood 812. Rare. Lovely olive green patina, with some remaining incrustations on the surface as found. Some minor scratches from cleaning, otherwise, extremely fine.
Italy, Rome. Medal (Bronze, 35mm, 25.30 g 12), on Federico Cesi (1500-1565), Cardinal from 1544; by Gianfederico Bonzagna (1507-1588), who worked at Rome from the 1550s through the 1570s, 1561. FEDERICVS.EPS.PRENESTIN.S.R.E.CARDIN.CAESIVS Bearded and tonsured bust of Cardinal Cesi to left, wearing hooded cassock. Rev. DIVE.CATHERINE.TEMPLVM.ANNO.CHRISTI / MDLXI Facade of the church of S. Caterina dei Funari in Rome. Attwood 959. Struck in high relief and especially nice. Very attractive light brown patina. Extremely fine.
Italy, Tuscany. Florence. Cosimo I, Duke, later Grand Duke of Tuscany. 1537-1569-1574. Medal (Bronze, 43mm, 45.26 g 6), an struck original on the reorganization of the Tuscan militia, by P. P. Galeotti (c.1520-1574) with a reverse designed by V. Borghini, c. 1567. COSMVS.MED.FLOREN.ET.SENAR.DVX II. Bare headed and cuirassed bust of Cosimo I to right. Rev. RES.MILITARIS.CONSTITVTA. Soldier, in classical armor, standing right at the top of a flight of steps, presenting standard to another soldier standing left on the steps below him; around, other soldiers. Attwood 864. Rare. Well-struck and of fine quality, and with a lovely brown tone. Extremely fine.
Italy, Rome. Pius V. 1566-1572. Medal (Bronze, 37mm, 33.60 g 12), on the Battle of Lepanto, by G. F. Bonzagni (after 1507-1588), 1571. PIVS.V.PONT.OPT.MAX-ANNO.VI. Bust of Pius V to left, wearing close-fitting cap and cape with a hood; below, F.P. (= Federicus Parmensis) Rev. DEXTERA TVA DOM PERCVSSIT INIMICVM 1571 Scene of the Battle of Lepanto, with the galleys of the victorious allies sailing on the left and those of the Turks sinking on the right; above in the clouds, God hurling lightning; at the center, riding right on one of the galleys, a winged figure of Faith, holding a cross and a chalice, standing right . Börner 520. Kress 373 = NG 428 (in silver). Voltolina 572. Rare. An original struck example with a fine brown patina. Good very fine.
Southern Netherlands. William I, Prince of Orange. 1544-1585. Medal (Silver, gilt, 43mm, 31.4 g 1), a contemporary cast, by Conrad Bloc, Antwerp, 1577. GVILEL.D.G.PR.AVRAICAE.CO.NASSAVIAE.1577 Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of William to right; below, .COEN.BLOC.F. Rev. SAEVIS TRANQVILLVS IN VNDIS ( = tranquil in the midst of the savage waves) Kingfisher flying right to its nest, floating on the rough sea; to left, mountain; above, CHRS in rays with five cherubim flying in clouds to right, above the mountain. Tourneur, RBN 1925, p. 204. Van Loon I, pp. 236/7. Very rare. An attractive original cast, with some chasing and with the fields lightly smoothed to receive the original gilding. Some minor marks and rubbing, otherwise, about extremely fine.
Southern Netherlands. William I, Prince of Orange. 1544-1585. Medal (Silver, gilt, 44mm, 24.5 g 12), a very old cast, by Conrad Bloc, Antwerp, 1577. GVILEL.D.G.PR.AVRAICAE.CO.NASSAVIAE.1577 Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of William to right; on shoulder truncation, AET.44; below, .COEN.BLOC.F. Rev. CHARLOTTE.DE.BOVRBON.PR.DAVRENGE.A.1577. Bust of Charlotte, princess of Orange, to left, wearing ornamental hair net, a ruff and embroidered robes. Tourneur, RBN 1925, p. 203, 2. Van Loon I, p. 236. A very fine cast made by soldering two hollow shells together. Considerable traces of orginal gilding. Traces of a removed mount, otherwise, good very fine.
Southern Netherlands, Antwerp. 1578. Medal (Silver, gilt, 34mm, 22 g 12), an original cast in honor of Abraham Ortelius, by J. Jonghelinck (1530-1606). ABRAHAMVS ORTELIVS ANTVERP Bare headed and bearded bust of Ortelius to right, wearing ruff and rich robes; on truncation, 1578. Rev. ΜΩΡΙΑ ΠΑΡΑ ΤΩ ΘΕΩ (= with God
GERMANY, Northwest Germany. Uncertain. Circa 1580. One-sided roundel (Bronze, 154 mm, 310.00 g), based on a design by Jost Amman (1539-1591). Scene of Dido’s foundation of Carthage. According to legend when the Phoenician princess Elissa (her epithet was Dido = the Wanderer) arrived in the area of Tunisia she asked if her people could have land for a settlement, just as much as could be encompassed by an oxhide. This she was granted but she was able to have the hide so finely cut up that she was able to use it to surround an entire hill, from then on known as the Byrsa, or hide. On this medal we see her on horseback in the foreground, surrounded by attendants and the local inhabitants. Before her two soldiers are carefully cutting the hide on a table, from which it falls as a continuous rope into a coil on the ground before; this long string is being uncoiled to form the city boundary by two men on the right; other attendants, including horsemen are in the background, some leading pack animals and some, riding camels. In the far background, view of a city, with towers and bridges: either a view of Utica or a vision of the Carthage to come. Around the edge, wreath of leaves and fruits. Rev. Plain, but with incuse areas behind areas of higher relief on the obverse. A ring mount, perhaps of slightly later date than the roundel, is soldered onto the reverse at 12 o’clock. Weber 561 (but illustrating an example without the wreath border). Rare. A superb, original cast, beautifully detailed with figures in high relief. Splendid and uniform dark brown patina. Extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire, Austria - Styria (Steiermark). Graz. Medal (Silver, 40.5mm, 16.63 g 12), in honor of Stephan Speidel zu Vattersdorf (c. 1550-1597), secretary of the province of Styria, attributed to Hans Zwigott (fl. c. 1577-1597), c. 1590s. STEPHAN.SPEIDEL.ILLVSTRIVM.STYRIAE.PROCERVM.SECRETARIVS. Three-quarter facing bust of Speidel turned slightly to right, rearing ruff, robes and chain of office. Rev. Shield bearing the Speidel arms surmounted by a helmet with a richly ornamented crest. Numismatische Zeitschrift 52 (1919), p. 168, 4. G. Probszt, Die geprägten österreichischen Schaumünzen. I: Die geprägten Schaumünzen Innerösterreichs (Steiermark, Kärnten, Krain). (Zürich/Leipzig/Wien, 1928), 73. Very rare and attractive, an excellent contemporary cast. Nicely toned, extremely fine.
France. Medal (Silver, gilt, 56mm, 50.08 g 12), on Jean-Louis de Nogaret de Lavalette (1554-1642), Duc d’Épernon. By Guillaume Dupré, 1607. I.L.A.LAVALETTA.D.ESPERN.P.ET.TOT.GAL.PEDIT.PRAEF //G DVPRE F 1607 Draped and cuirassed bust of Nogaret to right. Rev. INTACTVS.VTRINQVE (=untouched from either side) On the left, a fox looking out from its den, underneath a bush, at a lion seated left, its left paw raised and its head turned back at a bare-breasted Fury, standing left and holding two torches. Jones 22. Kress 557. Very rare. A very sharp contemporary cast, with contemporary gilding. Some show-through of the underlying metal at the high points of the design and on the edges. Some minor scratches and marks, otherwise, extremely fine.
France. Jean-Louis de Nogaret de Lavalette, Duc d’Épernon. 1554-1642. Medal (Bronze, 56mm, 57.94 g 12), by Guillaume Dupré, 1607. I.L.A.LAVALETTA.D.ESPERN.P.ET.TOT.GAL.PEDIT.PRAEF //G DVPRE F 1607 Draped and cuirassed bust of Nogaret to right. Rev. INTACTVS.VTRINQVE (=untouched from either side) On the left, a fox looking out from its den, underneath a bush, at a lion seated left, its left paw raised and its head turned back at a bare-breasted Fury, standing left and holding two torches. Jones 22. Kress 557. A superb, sharp contemporary cast with a fine dark brown patina. Good extremely fine.
France. Medal (Bronze, 70.5mm, 94 g 12), in honor of Nicolas Brulart de Sillery (1544-1624), by Guillaume Dupré (c.1579-1640), 1607. NI BRVLARTVS A SILLERY FRANC.ET NAVAR CANCEL Bare-headed and bearded bust of Sillery to right, wearing robes and a fur cape; below bust, G.DVPRE.F. Rev. LABOR.ACTVS.IN.ORBEM (=in the performance of his task he circles the globe) Apollo driving the chariot of the sun to right, above the celestial globe on which can be seen Cancer, Leo and Virgo, with Hydra and others below and above. Jones 46. Pollard 644 = Kress 563. Smolderen 26. A splendid medal with a wonderful portrait. Traces of a removed mount, otherwise an excellent contemporary cast with a fine brown patina, nearly extremely fine.
Netherlands - Germany, Juliers / Jülich. Medal (Silver, 51mm, 46.08 g 3), On the capture of the the fortress city of Jülich from the Imperial troops of emperor Rudolph II (1575-1612) by the allied forces of Brandenburg, the Palatinate and the Dutch, 1610. NIHIL INEXPUGNABILE View of the fortress of Jülich surrounded by firing cannons and the lines of the allied besiegers. Rev. IPSIS CALEND. / SEPTEMB.CIᴐIᴐCX. / SUIS ET SUBSIDIARYS /ARMIS IULIACUM. / EIUSQUE PROPUGNA- / CULUM MUNITISSI- / MUM PRINCIPIBUS / ADSERITUR POS- / SIDENTIBUS (= on the first of September 1610 the city of Juliers and its powerful citadel have come into the hands of its proper princes thanks to their forces and those of their allies) Exter I, 194. Van Loon II, pp. 71-72, I. A splendid and rare piece, beautifully toned and very well preserved. Extremely fine.
Hapsburg. Early 17th century, c. 1619. Medal (Silver, 51mm, 10.48 g 12), A so-called “Judenmedaille”, produced by private minters in Prague to glorify the House of Hapsburg. ELISABETHA.FILIA.ANDR.REG.UNGAR.OBIT.MARB.M.CC.XXXI Crowned bust of St. Elizabeth of Hungary to left, within a tressure of 17 arcs. Rev. DISPERSIT.DEDIT.PAUP:IUST.EIUS.MANET.IN.SEDUL.SECULI View of the church of St. Elizabeth in Marburg; all within a tressure of 17 arcs. Bernhart 21. Hoffmeister 4. Klein B 21, Prince Alexander 3. Rare. A thin and beautifully toned original cast. Minor crack in casting, otherwise, extremely fine.
Germany, Lübeck. Undated, but c. 1619-1630. Triple Schautaler (Silver, 60.5mm, 87.52 g 12), under the direction of mintmaster H. von der Klähren (his symbol is the sun on the obverse and reverse). DER IESUS HILFERT ALLEIN AUS NODT MOSES DU ZEGEST NUR FLUCH U DOT Naked man seated praying before a tree; to left, Moses with the tablets of the Law, body in coffin and Adam and Eve; to right, John the Baptist pointing to Christ on the Cross, St. George and the Dragon, Angel preaching to shepherds, and another angel above in rays. Rev. AM CREUTZ EIN FLUCH ICH WORDEN BIN. MEIN AUFFERSTUNG DEIN GEWIN Scene of the Crucifixion with soldiers below. Behrens 732 c. Goppel 1132. Extremely rare. Nicely toned. About extremely fine.
Italy, Venice. Nicolò Donà, XLIII Doge of Venice. 5 April -10 May 1618. Medal (Silver, 50.8mm, 59.46 g), struck on the first 5th anniversary of his death, by an uncertain Venetian artist, 1623. NICOLAVS DONATO DVX VENETIARVM Bust of the Doge to right, wearing high tiara and official robes Rev. MDCXXIII / POST / OBITVM / QVINQVENIO / .I. within elaborate garland. Voltolina II, 59, 889. An original, struck example, nicely toned and very rare. Nearly extremely fine.
France. Medal (Bronze, 71.3mm, 74 g 12), in honor of Jacques Boiceau (ca. 1560-1633), by Abraham Dupré (1604-1647), 1624. IACQVES BOICEAV SR DE LA BARRAVDERIE Bearded bust of Boiceau to right, wearing ruff, embroidered doublet and cloak; below bust, AB.DVPRE.F.1624. Rev. NATVS.HVMI. POST.OPVS.ASTRA.PETO (=born of the earth I gain the sky after labor) Silk worms crawling over landscape with silk moths hovering above; behind, in distance, town. Jones 72. Pollard 653 = Kress 572. . A very attractive contemporary cast with a lovely brown patina. Tiny contemporary piercing, otherwise, extremely fine.
FRANCE. Marie de’Medici, Queen consort of France, 1600-1610. Medal (Silver, 53.7 mm, 65.82 g, 12 h), by Guillaume Dupré, undated but circa 1625. MARIA AVG.GALL.ET NAVAR.REGINA (retrograde) Bust of Marie to right, wearing tiara, earring, pearl necklace, pendant cross, and an elaborate ruff attached to robes of lace; below shoulder truncation, G.DVPRE.F. Rev. LAETA DEVM PARTV (happy in the birth of the gods) Marie, as Kybele, standing facing amongst her children, all in classical dress; from left to right, Louis XIII (as Jupiter with his eagle), Henrietta Maria (as Amphritite with a dolphin), Christine (as Diana in hunting dress), Elizabeth (as Juno with her peacock) and Gaston (as Hercules with his club). BNF royale 389. Jones 61. An original cast of very high quality, toned and most attractive. Nearly extremely fine.
LOW COUNTRIES, United Netherlands. Frederick Henry of Orange-Nassau. 1584-1647. Medal (Silver, 51mm, 19.53 g 12), on the Battle of the Slaak, 1631. FREDER.HENR.D.G.PRINCEPS.AVRIAC.COM.NASS Armored bust of Frederick Henry to right. Rev. 1631 / CONIVRATI VENIVNT / AD CLASSICA / VENIT (=the winds obey the call of the fleet) Scene of the battle with the Dutch fleet advancing on the Spanish forces to left. Van Loon II, p. 195, II. A fine old cast with considerable detail; the reverse inscription engraved, as usual. Some minor casting faults, otherwise, good very fine.
Sweden. Gustavus II Adolphus. 1611–1632. Medal in the weight of 5 1/2 Thalers (Silver, 79mm, 160 g 12), minted by order of the Swedish government to commemorate the return of the King’s body to Stockholm, by Sebastian Dadler in Danzig (Gdansk), 1634. GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS MAGNUS DEI GRATIA SUECOR:GOTHOR:ET VANDALOR:REX AUGUSTUS At the center, the armored and crowned body of Gustavus Adophus lying in state at the battlefied of Lützen; behind, scene of the battle with the victorious Swedes driving the enemy before them to left, and with an angel accompanying them, bearing a sword with VEL MORTUUM FUGIUNT (even they flee death); above, Hebrew name of Jehovah in a halo of rays and many angels in clouds; at the center, two angels carry the soul of the king to heaven, EUGE SERVE FIDELIS (=well done faithful servant). In the exergue, NATUS 9 DEC:ANNO 1594 / GLORIOSE MORTUUS 6 / NOU:ANO 1632. Rev. DUX GLORIOS PRINC PIUS HEROS INVICT VICTOR INCOMPARAB TRUMPH FELIX & GERM LIBERATOR A 1634 (=Glorious leader, pious prince, invincible hero, incomparable victor, happily triumphant and liberator of Germany. In the year 1634 Gustavus, wearing armor and holding a Bible and a sword, riding in a chariot drawn by three winged horses over the Hydra of Discord; to left, Faith, holding a Bible topped by a flaming heart and, to right, Courage, holding a column, both crowning the king with a laurel wreath; on the chariot wheel, signature SD; above, ET VITA ET MORTE / TRIUMPHO (=I triumph in both life and death). Hildebrand I, p. 192, 188. Maué 35. Wiecek 89. Very rare. A beautifully toned and beautifully preserved example of heavy weight. A few very minor marks, otherwise, virtually as struck.
ITALY. Venice. Giovanni I Cornaro, 1625-16. Medal (Bronze, 48 mm, 36.06 g, 12 h), an original struck example, by G. F. Travani, 1647. IO CORNELIVS.DVX.VENET.OBIIT.A.D.MDCXXIX Bust of the Doge to left, wearing tiara and robes; on truncation, .AET.S.78. Rev. ÆTERNÆ / IN PATREM OPTIMVM / OBSERVANTIÆ MEMORIAM / EXTARE VOLVIT / IN HOC METALLO / VVLTV EIVS EXCVSO / FEDERICVS CARD CORNELIVS / ROMAE AN DNI / MDCXXXXVII. Vannel Toderi, Bargello, II/501. Voltolina 937. Very rare. With an attractive brown tone and a striking portrait of the Doge . Extremely fine.
Switzerland, Basel. Medal (Silver, 50mm, 51 g 12), on the Judgment of Solomon by S. Hanhardt, c. 1650. View of the city of Basel from the northeast, with the Rhine in the center; in exergue, Baselstab, laurel and palm branches, and engraver’s initials, S H. Rev. Scene of the Judgment of Solomon: on the right, Solomon seated left on throne; behind, three elders; before to left, soldier standing right holding naked infant; below, dead infant with a woman kneeling left before, behind her, another woman, standing left, points at the infant held by the soldier; at the edge, initials SH. Haller 1322. Leu Medals 1199 (these dies). Wunderly 2178. Very rare, Attractively toned. Nearly extremely fine.
Germany, Hamburg. Double Schautaler or marriage taler (Silver, 61mm, 57.8 g 12), undated but mid 17th century. WAS GOT ZUSAMMEN FVGET.DAS SOL KEIN MENSCH SCHEIDEN Christ, nimbate and raising His right hand in blessing, standing between a groom, on His right and a bride, on His left. Rev. IESUS CHRISTUS MACHET WASSER Z WEIN IN CANA GALI IO:II Scene of the banquet at Cana: on the left, Christ and Maria seated at the banquet table with the bride and groom, at the center; on the right, the sommelier raises a goblet to toast the company; in the foreground, before the table, a group of wine amphorae. Gaedechens II, p. 144. Toned and attractive. About extremely fine.
Denmark. Frederik III. 1648-1670. Double Ducat in a contemporary gold circular mount with a suspension chain, two pearl pendants and a probably later (18th century?) silver gilt cross (Gold, 31mm, 12.24 g 9), a so-called Guinea Ducat, made from gold brought back from western Africa by the Danish fleet, and struck from dies cut by Johann Blum of Bremen, Copenhagen, 1658. FRIDERICUS:III:D:G:DANIÆ:NORWEGIÆ Crowned, draped and cuirassed bust of Frederik III to right. Rev. VANDALOR:GOTHOR:Q:REX Sailing ship on the waves of the sea to left between tan dem “at last”; in exergue, 16 58 and a mint mark of a pick. Friedberg 112. Hede 28A. KM 216.1. Very rare, only 100 of these double ducats were struck, all from ‘Guinea’ gold. Soldering marks from having been turned into a pendant, and with polished fields, otherwise, from the point of actual wear, about extremely fine.
England. Charles II. 1660-1685. Medal (Silver, 64mm, 95.89 g 6), the ‘Gigantomachia’ Medal on the Restoration of Charles II, London, by George Bower, 1660. CAROLVS.II.DEI GRATIA.MAG.BR.FRA.ET.HIB.REX Bare-headed bust of Charles II to left, wearing Mantle and Collar with St. George of the Order of the Garter. Rev. Jupiter, riding eagle to left among clouds, hurling thunderbolts at prostrate giants lying all over a desolate landscape; on rock below fallen giant to left, G.Bower.F.. Eimer 213. Medallic Illustrations I, 458, 50. Very rare. An impressive medal, probably Bower’s finest work. Nicely toned. A few minor marks, extremely fine.
Brandenburg-Prussia. Friedrich Wilhelm, The Great Elector. 1640-1688. Medal (Silver, 75mm, 115 g 12), designed as a gift to foreign ambassadors, by J. Höhn (fl. 1637-1693 and C. Melchior (fl. 1660s), Danzig, undated but before 1663. FRIDERICHUS WILHELMUS D.G.MARCH.BRAND.S.R.I.ARCHICAM.ET P.ELECT.MAGD.PRIUS.IUL.CLIV.MONT: Within a very elaborate cartouche (surmounted by a crown, adorned with fruits and flowers, supported by two winged creatures with human bodies and serpent tails, and closed with the head of cherub) a facing bust of Friedrich Wilhelm, turned slightly to right, bare headed, draped and cuirassed; below truncation, CM; on either side of cherub’s head, I H. Rev. STET.POM.CAS.VAND.IN SIL.CROS.ET CAR.DUX BURG.NOR.PR.HALB.ET MIND.COM.MARCH.ET RAV.DN,IN RAVE: Crowned eagle adorned with the shields of the 24 lands of Brandenburg. Brockmann 275. Menadier 141. North 35. Oelrichs 80. Very attractively toned and most attractive. Extremely fine.
Italy, Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Cosimo III de Medici. 1670-1723. Medal (Bronze, 48mm, 41.78 g 12), by G. F. Travani (fl. 1634-1675), 1666. COSMVS III PRINC AETRVR Armored and draped bust of Cosimo III to left; on truncation, 1666; below, .I.F.T Rev. CERTA FVLGENT SIDERA (= the stars shine certain, ex Horace, Odes II-xvi) Ship sailing on calm sea to right; above sun with the astrological sign for Jupiter; at the bottom of the waves below the ship, TRAVANVS. Forrer, BDM VI, 130. Sharply struck and most attractive. Attractively toned. Minor die break on the obverse, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Netherlands. 1667. Medal (Silver, 71.5mm, 124.23 g 12), struck to commemorate the Peace of Breda between Great Britain and Holland, by Christoffel Adolfzoon (c.1631-1680). MITIS ET FORTIS (= gentle and strong) Hollandia, helmeted and partially armored, holding a scepter with an eye at its end in her right hand and a lance bound with the arrows of the Netherlands in her left, standing facing, between a lamb and a lion, her left foot treading on the figure of Discord, a semi-nude gorgon-headed old woman, lying before her; behind her on her right, Dutch warships sailing to left; on her left, British warships burning; behind, the palace at Breda; in exergue, PROCUL.HINC.MALA.BESTIA / REGNIS! IUN: 22. / 1667.C.A. (=go away from these states, you vicious beast!) followed by the date of the Treaty of Breda and the engraver’s initials.
Rev. Pax, draped but with one breast bare, standing facing, her hair billowing out behind her and holding sword tipped with an olive wreath in her right hand and a cornucopiae and caduceus with her left; above, flanked by garlands of fruit, hand of God emerging from the clouds holding the shields of England and the Netherlands, and, to left and right of Pax’s neck, long ribbon inscribed IRATO BELLUM PLACATO NUMINE PAX EST (=war from an angry divinity, peace from one appeased; behind, peacefully sailing merchant ships; below her feet, arms and a crown; in exergue below, REDIIT.CONCORDIAE.MATER / BREDAE (=Mother Concord has returned at Breda) and shield bearing the arms of Breda between IUL.31 .Ao.1667.
On the edge: NUMISMA.POSTERITATI.SACRUM.BELGA.BRITANNOQUE RECONCILIATIS,CUM.PRIVIL:ORDIN:HOLLAND:ET:WEST (=A medal consecrated to posterity on the occasion of the Peace between the United Provinces and Great Britain. With the permission of the States of Holland and West Friesland). M. I. pp. 528-529, 176. PiN 257. Scher, The Proud Republic, 38. Van Loon II, pp. 534-536. Very rare, a beautiful, impressive and very important medal of great historic significance. Attractively toned. A few very minor marks, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Germany, Augsburg (City). 1670. Medal (Silver, 56 x 48 mm, 38.71 g 12), oval Ratsmedaille, on the council held in May 1670, by an unknown engraver, perhaps a member of the Fesenmaier family. View of the fortified city of Augsburg with its many churches; above, two winged genii hold the Stadtpyr (an ornamental version of the pine cone of the pinus cembra = a Zirbelkiefer or Swiss pine, which was the city’s symbol); below, SAC CAESAR / MAI:À.CON / SILIS.II.VI / RIS.PR.AV / GVSTANIS. on cartouche between the shields of the joint Stadtpflegers - Mayors of Augsburg, David von Stetten (1653-1675) and O. Langenmantel (1664-1688). Rev. MEMORIAE ANNI CHRISTIANI MDCLXX AVGVSTA VINDELICORVM Shields of five members of parliament: Uhlstatt, Amman, Rehm, Fesenmaier (he was a goldsmith from a family of goldsmiths) and Rehlinger; and four financial officials: Imhof, Stetten, Imhof and Hamann; all within an oval wreath of palm branches. Erlanger Collection 1776. Forster 50. Rare. Nicely toned and particularly attractive. Minor edge fault on the right, otherwise, extremely fine.
France. Louis XIV. 1643-1715. Medal (Silver, 72mm, 159.18 g 12), on the preparations for war with the Dutch, by Roettier and Molart, 1672. LVDOVICVS.MAGNVS. REX.CHRISTIANISS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Louis XIV to right; below bust, R. Rev. PROVIDENTIAE VICTRICI // HORREA.ET.ARMAMENTARIA / VBIQVE.CONSTITVTA / M.D.C.LXXII / .MOLART.F. Victory flying right to crown a standing figure of Providentia; around her, munitions of war and stocks of grain. Divo -, but cf. 128. Extremely rare. A superb, large and heavy medal of great beauty. Minor contact marks, otherwise, good extremely fine.
FRANCE. Louis XIV . 1643–1715. Medal (Bronze, 55mm, 58 g 12), on the French capture of Maastricht in 1673. LVDOVICVS.XIIII.D.G.FR.ET.NAV.REX Draped bust of Louis XIV to right. Rev. QVAS.CONDIDIT.ERVIT.ARCES / 1673 Neptune destroying the walls of Troy. Van Loon III, p. 112, II. Nicely toned and attractive. A few minor edge bumps, otherwise, extremely fine.
France. Louis XIV. 1643-1715. Medal (Silver, 61mm, 98 g 12), on the capture of the Franche-Comté, by John Roettiers, 1674. LVDOVICVS.MAGNVS.REX.CHRISTIANISS. Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Louis XIV to right, wearing aegis and with his armor decorated with fleurs-de-lis; below, monogram of JR. Rev. DE SEQVANIS.ITERVM / ADDITA.IMPERIO.GALLICO. / PROVINCIA. / M.DC.LXXIV. (=the Franche-Comté again conquered, an added province of the French Kingdom) Louis XIV riding in triumphal quadriga to right; below, shields bearing the arms of the conquered cities; in tiny letters, monogram of JR. Cf. van Loon III, p. 137, but a smaller version by Mauger. Very rare. An impressive medal, beautifully preserved. Lightly toned. Good extremely fine.
Netherlands. William III. 1672-1689. Medal (Silver, 61.8mm, 56.54 g 12), an original and very fine hollow cast medal on the Peace of London, 1674, by C. Adolfszoon (?), 1674. VIRES ULTRA SORTEM QUE IUVENTAE (=his strength is beyond his years) The young Prince William on horseback before a scene of the capture of the city of Naarden. Rev. A DOMINO VENIT PAX ET VICTORIA LAETA ( = From God comes Peace and happy Victory, and with the date in chronogram form DMIVIXVICIL) Dove, with olive branch in its beak, flying left over the sea toward the rising sun. Eimer 253. MI I, p. 561, 225. PiN 281. Van Loon III, 131. Very rare. Made from two silver, one-sided plaques soldered together and held within a silver hoop ring. Attractively toned. Very minor edge bangs, otherwise, extremely fine.
Denmark. Christian V. 1670-1699. Medal (Silver, 69mm, 133.98 g 12), on the victory of Admiral Niels Juel over the Swedes at Öland, Copenhagen, by Christofer Schneider, 1677. DN.NICOL.IVEL.EQ.R.D.ARCHITHAL.✿ Three-quarter bust of Admiral Juel to right before the mouths of two cannon, holding baton in his right hand and holding his left behind his back; in tiny letters on truncation, CS; behind, view of the battle scene with sinking Swedish ships off the Island of Öland. Rev. PRAELIVM INTER CLASSES CHRIST.V. / ET.CAR.XI.I.IVL.MDCLXXVII. / DN.NICOL.IVEL.ET.HENR.HORN.DVC. View of the confused battle scene with many ships (at least 100 took part in the battle), some sinking; amidst the waves of the sea at bottom, CS. Danske Mynter og Medailler 168 b and pl. XIII, 3. Galster 216. Van Loon III, p. 197. Rare and most impressive. Very attractively toned and unusually nice. Minor marks and scratches, extremely fine.
France. Louis XIV. 1643-1715. Medal (Silver, 60mm, 121 g 12), on the capture of Cambrai, by J. Roettiers (1631-1703), 1677. LVDOVICVS.MAGNVS.REX.CHRISTIANISS. Bare headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Louis XIV to right, wearing aegis and with his armor decorated with fleurs-de-lis; below, monogram of JR. Rev. METVS FINIVM SVBLATVS / CAMERACO CAPTA / .M.DC.LXXVII. (= the frontiers stabilized by the capture of Cambrai, 1677) Farmer ploughing to left, in field before the walls of Cambrai. Cf. van Loon III, 217 (but by Mollart). Very rare. Toned and most attractive. Good extremely fine.
France. Louis XIV. 1643-1715. Medal (Silver, 70.5mm, 139.8 g 12), on the capture of Ghent, by J. Roettiers, 1678. LVDOVICVS.MAGNVS.REX.CHRISTIANISS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Louis XIV to right, wearing aegis and with his armor decorated with fleurs-de-lis; below, R. Rev. CELERITAS.ET.PROVIDENTIA / EXPEDITIO.GANDAV. / M.DC.LXXVIII. (=Speed and Providence - the expedition to Ghent, 1678) Victory alighting to right, holding arrow and winged hourglass; to right, female figure seated to left, wearing grain wreath and holding a cornucopiae; below her, arms and munitions; behind, view of the city of Ghent. Van Loon III, p. 225, I. Very rare. A large and impressive piece, nicely toned. Some very minor marks, otherwise, extremely fine.
France, Strasbourg. 1678. Medal (Silver, 48mm, 45.83 g 12), on the city’s guilds. SOLIUS VIRTUTIS / FLOS PERPETUUS (=Of virtue alone is the everlasting flower) / 1678 View of the city of Strasbourg with and angel flying above bearing a lily and a sword Rev. In Zwantzig Zunften und Gottes Hutt Strassburg die Statt bestehen thutt (=Strassburg consists of twenty guilds in God’s care) Arms of the city of Strasbourg within a circle of the arms of the city’s twenty guilds; around. Engel & Lehr 543/4. Rare. Nicely toned. Extremely fine.
France. Louis XIV . 1643–1715. Medal (Silver, 72mm, 116.27 g 12), on the Peace of Nijmegen between France and Austria, undated but 1679. LVDOV:XIIII.FR.ET:NAV:REX. Laureate and draped bust of Louis XIV to right. Rev. SVB.CLYPEO.FERRO.ET.AVRO. / PACEM PRVDENTIA CVDENS (=Prudence, aided by a shield, iron and gold, forges Peace) Prudentia, holding a scepter in her right hand, standing left and placing a palm branch on a low altar with her left; behind, piles of armaments; above, an oval shield bearing a sword in saltire with a cornucopiae from which pour fruits and coins. Pax in Nummis 303. van Loon III, 250. Very rare. Beautifully toned. Sharply struck with an elegant bust of Louis XIV in very high relief. Some tiny marks, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Austria, Vienna. Leopold I. 1657-1705. Medal (Silver, 48mm, 33.97 g 12), On the defeat of the Turkish Army before Vienna, 1683. DU ADLER SITZ GOTT IST DEIN SCHUTZ DEM MAHOMET ZU SPOTT UND TRUTZ Imperial double eagle above the city of Vienna, with the Allies, on the left, attacking the Turkish besiegers who flee towards the right, abandoning their camp in the foreground. Rev. Inscription describing the siege in fourteen lines; above, within wreath of palm, bust of Leopold I to right with the legend, .VIVAT.TRIUMPHET,; below, floral ornament. Hirsch 56. Rare, Very attractively toned. Extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire, Vienna. Leopold I. 1657-1705. Medal (Silver, 55mm, 68 g 12), on the relief of Vienna from the Turks, by A. Meybusch, 1683. LEOPOLDUS.I.D:G:ROM:IMP.SEMP:AUG:TURCARUM.VICTOR Laureate draped and cuirassed three-quarter bust of Leopold to right, wearing the Order of the Golden Fleece and with his cuirass ornamented with a winged thunderbolt; below bust, signature ANTON.MEŸBUSCH.FECIT. Rev. URBEM.SERVASTIS.ET ORBEM Angel, blowing one trumpet and holding another, flying right over the city of Vienna with Turkish horsemen fleeing left, before the charge of the allied cavalry charging left; below, on a scroll, VIENNA.AVSTRIAE.A.TURCIS. / OPPUGNARI.CAEPTA.D:14.IULII / LIBERATA.D:12.SEPT:Ao1683.; to left and right of scroll, ANT: MEŸB; around edge, CAESAR.SARMATA REX.SAXO.BAVARUS.LOTHARINGUS.ASSERTA.DECUS.IMMENSUM.MERUERE.VIENNA.. Hirsch 35, and pl. Iv,35. Horsky 2062. Julius 181. Rare, most attractive and very well preserved . A few very minor marks, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Germany, Augsburg. Medal (Silver, 46mm, 41.40 g 12), on the defeat of the Turks before Vienna, by C.J. Leherr (1647-1707), 1683 (but given in a chronogram on the reverse). CONCORDIA HEROVM VICTORIAE STABILIMENTVM At the center, the Hydra; to left, Hercules attacking right with his club; to right, Iolaos moving left, using a torch to burn the Hydra’s decapitated heads; below, in tiny letters, CIL. Rev. Inscription of fourteen lines; below, Augsburg Stadtpyr. Forster 57. Hirsch 32. Julius 178. Extremely fine.
France. Louis XIV. 1643-1715. Medal (Silver, 69mm, 158.90 g 12), on the bombardment of Genoa by Abraham de Quesnay’s fleet, 18-22 May 1684. By Michel Molart and F. Cheron, 1684. LVDOVICVS.MAGNVS.REX.CHRISTIANISSIMVS. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Louis XIV to left; on truncation, MOLAART.F. Rev. VIBRATA IN SVPERBOS FVLMINA // .GENVA.EMENDATA. / ANN.M.DC.LXXXIV. / .F.CHERON.F. Jupiter, semi-draped, standing left and brandishing his thunderbolt; behind him to left, Genoa bombarded by a few French ships; to right, the greater part of the French fleet. Forrer IV, p. 119. A splendid, toned, and very rare medal. Tiny flan crack and a number of hair line scratches, otherwise, extremely fine.
Netherlands, Amsterdam. 1684. Medal (Silver, 61mm, 83.85 g 12), on the Truce of Ratisbon (Regensburg) between France and Spain, 1684, Amsterdam. DUBUS PRÆLATA TROPHÆIS (=preferable to uncertain victories) At the center, an altar formed by a globe piled with the scepters of the Empire, France and Spain; on the left, warrior with three fleurs-de-lis on his shoulder representing France standing right, offering the choice of a sword or a palm branch to another warrior, representing Spain with the tower of Castile on his shoulder and a shield with the arms of Spain, standing left and grasping the palm branch; in the background at their feet, bucolic scenes; below the altar in the exergue, eagle with spread wings, representing the Empire, clutching the serpent of discord in its beak. Rev. CONSERVAT UTRAMQUE (=she preserves both) The crowned city goddess of Amsterdam standing facing, holding a lance tipped with a liberty cap in her right hand and resting her left on a bag of coins atop a round altar adorned with crossed swords; to the left, flaming altar adorned with crossed palm branches; behind, ships at sea; on the altar bases, ANNO - 1684; in exergue, INDUCIIS XX AN / PACIS (=truce of twenty years concluded in the year 1684). Pax in Nummis 324. Van Loon III, pp. 296-297. Very rare. Finely toned and very attractive, extremely fine.
England. James II. 1685-1688. Medal (Silver, 60mm, 93.22 g 12), on the execution of the Duke of Monmouth and the Earl of Argyll, by Regnier Arondeaux, 1685. IACOBVS II D:G.MAG.BRI.FRAN.ET.HIB.REX. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of James II facing, head to left, resting on four scepters and balanced on an altar inscribed 16 -85; on the front of the base, crowned arms within Order of the Garter; below Order and in the background, R.A.- FEC.; on scroll below, ARAS ET SCEPTRA TUEMUR (=we defend our altars and our scepters); in the background, sea with ships and Neptune in his car. Rev. Justice, with her head to right, standing facing on base inscribed AMBITIO / MALESUADA / RUIT (criminal ambition regrets), holding sword in her right hand and balance in her left; at her feet, the decapitated bodies of Monmouth and Argyle; behind each is a pedestal bearing his head and titles - IACOBUS / DE / MONT/MOUT and ARGHI / BALD \ D’AR / GYL; behind, sun in rays above, on the left, stormy skies from which thunderbolts crash, striking Monmouth’s fleeing soldiers, to right, clear skies above city walls. Medallic Illustrations I, 615, 27. Van Loon III, 307-309. Attractively toned. Some minor marks, extremely fine.
Great Britain. James Scott, Duke of Monmouth. 1649-1685. Medal (Silver, 49mm, 43.82 g 12), on the defeat of the Duke of Monmouth at the Battle of Sedgemoor, on 6 July, by Jan Smeltzing, 1685. IACOBUS DUX MONUMET:FID:ET LIBERT:DEFENSOR. Armored bust of the Duke to right. Rev. PARUM SUCCESSIT FECI SEDULO (= It has succeeded little, but I acted dilligently) / MDCLXXXV. A soldier, dressed as a Roman, attempts to pry open a lion’s jaws. Eimer 277. MI I, p. 613, 22. van Loon III, pp. 307-308. Very rare. Beautifully toned and most attractive. Good extremely fine.
Sweden. Christina. 1632-1654. Medal (Silver, 62.5mm, 95.35 g 12), on the Queen’s independence of spirit after her abdication. By G. B. Guglielmada (fl. 1665-1689), Rome, undated but c. 1685. CHRISTINA REGINA Draped bust of Christina to right, with the winged head of Medusa on her breast. Rev. LIBERO I NACQVI E VISSI E MORRO SCIOLITO (= I was born free, I have lived free and I will die free) Bird of Paradise flying to left over clouds and landscape. Bildt pl. XIII, 58 and pl. X, 42. Hildebrand I, p. 313, 107a. Very rare. Bright with some light toning. A superb medal struck in high relief. Some tiny dark spots and scratches, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Italy, Venice. Marcantonio Giustinian. 1683-1688. Medal (Silver, 42.5mm, 31.78 g 12), on the victories over the Turks in the Morea. By Georg Hautsch and L. G. Lauffer, Nuremberg, 1686. VIRTVS VENETA Winged putto standing front on a base, and holding ovals containing portraits of the doge M. Giustinian and the successful general F. Morosini; on the base, view of Napoli di Romania (Nafplion); to left and right, trophies of Turkish arms; below, two putti bearing shields with views of the fortresses and cites of Scim, Prevesa, Igoumenitza and Argos; below, initials LGL; on the edge, HOC DUCTU ADRIACUS VENETAM MIRAMUR IN UNDISSTARE VRBEM ET TOTO PONERE IURA MARE. Rev. Victory, winged and wearing a mural crown, seated left, holding a shield inscribed, DE / TUR /CIS/1686 / GH, and surrounded by winged putti holding views of the captured cities of Navarino, S.Maura, Coron, Calamata, Modon and Chielafa (a fortress in the Mani). Voltolina 1049. Extremely rare in silver. A splendid medal, beautifully toned. Extremely fine.
Italy, Venice. Francesco Morosini. 1688-1694. Medal (Silver, 42.4mm, 32.48 g 12), struck to commemorate the Venetian victories in the war against the Turks. By G. Hautsch, Nuremberg, 1687 (but issued in 1688). TERROR TURCARUM Two angels, blowing trumpets and holding oval cartouches containing the portraits of the Doge Francesco Morosini (at the top), the governor of Dalmatia, Girolamo Corner (at the left) and of the general Otto Wilhelm von Königsmarck (at the right). Rev. Six oval cartouches, bordered by laurel wreaths and entwined with olive branches, containing the views of seven captured fortresses: Mistra, Castelnovo, Castel Tornese, Athens, Corinth, Patras and Lepanto; below, 16 87. Around edge, GESTA.DEI.VIRTVTE.DVCIS.VIRTVTE.LEONVM. Voltolina 1057. Rare and beautifully detailed. Lightly toned. Good extremely fine.
Great Britain. Medal (Silver, 50mm, 57 g 12), on the imprisonment of Archbishop Sancroft and the seven bishops. By G. Bower, 1688. GUIL.SANCROFT.ARCHIEPISC.CANTVAR.M.D.C.L.XXXVIII Bust of Archbishop Sancroft to right, wearing cap and canonical robes. Rev. Seven roundels containing the portraits and names of the seven imprisoned bishops:William Lloyd (St. Asaph), Francis Turner (Ely), John Lake (Chichester), Henry Compton (London), Thomas Ken (Bath and Wells), Thomas White (Peterborough) and Sir John Trelawney (Bristol). Plain edge. Eimer 288 var. MI I, p. 623, 39. Van Loon III, p. 339. Rare. A superb, lustrous piece with fine toning. A struck example of splendid quality. Good extremely fine.
Italy, Venice. Francesco Morosini, 108th Doge of Venice. 1688-1694. Medal (Silver, 51mm, 31.74 g 12), struck to commemorate the accession of the Doge, by the unknown engraver G.B., 1688. FRAN.MAVROCEN DVX.VENET Richly draped and cuirassed bust of Morosini to left, wearing Doge’s cornu; on arm truncation, signature G.B.F. Rev. HAEC SIGNA CERTA LABORVM 1688 The lion of St. Mark sitting on his hind legs to right, nimbate, crowned and wearing Doge’s cornu, holding scepter in his upraised left paw and resting his right on a crown set on the ground below him; behind, view of the sea and a fortress. Voltolina 1067 = Ars Antiqua, 8 November 2002, 122. Extremely rare. Atrractively toned and impressive. Extremely fine.
Italy, Venice. Francesco Morosini. 1688-1694. Medal (Silver, 61mm, 89.27 g 12), on the victories of Venice against the Ottomans, by P. H. Müller, Nuremberg, 1688. FRANCISCUS MAUROCENUS DUX VENETIARUM A 1688 D 3 APRIL / NIL DESPERANDUM TEURCRO DUCE (=no need to despair with Teucer as your leader, Horace Odes, I, vii, 27) Facing bust of Morosini, turned slightly to the right, wearing doge’s corno and robes; behind flags of Venice and the allies, shield of Moroini and arms; should truncation, P.H.M. On edge: VIDERVNT INSVLAE ET TIMVERVNT EXTREMAE TERRAE OBSTVPERVERVNT ET ACCESSERVNT ESAI 4I (= Isaiah 41: 5, The coast lands have seen and became afraid. The ends of the earth were astonished, they drew near, and came.) FK (= Friederich Kleinert,
Italy, Bracciano. Livio Odescalchi. 1652-1713. (Bronze, 61mm, 76 g 12), a struck medal by G. M.Hamerani (1649-1705), 1689. LIVIVS ODESC.S.R.E.G. Draped and armored bust of Odescalchi to right, with an eagle on his shoulder and, on the shoulder truncation, HAMERANVS /.1689. Rev. NON NOVVS SED NOVITER (not new but in a new way) Sun rising over a globe with a view of Italy. Börner 1251. H._Cz. 4800. A superb toned example, very well struck. Some traces of verdigris in the hair. Good extremely fine.
Austria, Augsburg. Leopold I. 1657-1705. Medal (Silver, 73.80mm, 104.86 g 12), on the coronation of Joseph I as king of Rome in Augsburg (1690), by M.Brunner. DOMINUM FORMIDABUNT ADVERSARY EIUS, ET DABIT IMPERIUM REGI SUO. I REG.CAP.2.&10 (=the adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces, and he shall give the Empire to his king. 1st Kings 2:10) Facing bust of Joseph I, wearing coronation robes and crown, within a laurel wreath bound by a ribbon inscribed with his titles, IOSE:PHVS.I.ARCH:AV:ST:GERMA:NIAE.HVNGARIAE.REX; below bust, tiny monogram of MB; below wreath ties, C.PRIVIL.CAES.M. / F Rev. POTENS IN TERRA ERIT SEMEN EIUS, GENERATIO RECTORUM BENEDICTUR (=the works of the Lord are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein) Psalm 111, 2. Medallion with a portrait of Leopold I at the center of a laurel tree hung with a ring of portraits of the earlier Habsburg rulers - all named; the trunk inscribed with a reference to Psalm 111 and with the engraver’s tiny monogram below. On the edge,FORTUNATA NOVO GAUDE GERMANIA REGE ISTE TUUS CUSTOS, ULTOR IS HOSTIS ERIT ( Under your guard you, O King, make Germany rejoice anew, and you will avenge the enemies of the state). Forster -. Horsky Collection 2400. Julius Collection 524. Very rare. Superb and beautifully toned. Good extremely fine.
Great Britain / Netherlands. William III. 1694-1702. Medal (Silver, 57mm, 86 g 12), on the suppression of Sir George Barclay’s assassination plot against William III. By Jan Boskam of Nijmegen, 1696. WILHELMVS.III.D.G.MAG.BRIT.FRANC.ET.HIB.REX Laureate and draped bust of William III to right, an oval shield over his right shoulder bearing the Hebrew name of Jehovah in rays at the center, encircled by the inscription: NON.LAEDITVR,QVEM.TEGO (=he does no suffer whom I protect). Rev. DEXTRA.LATENS.COERCET. (=a hidden right hand restrains them) // MDCXCVI / I.BOSKAM.F. Six female figures, two holding a dagger, two a serpent, and two a torch, all bound by a rope around their heads leading to an unseen hand above in the clouds, dancing in a circle. MI ii, pp. 151-2, 413. Van Loon IV, p. 225. Very rare. A beautifully toned medal with a fine portrait of the king and a fascinating allegorical reverse type. Some very minor marks, otherwise, extremely fine.
Netherlands, Gouda. 1697. Medal (Silver, 74mm, 113.62 g 12), on the Peace of Rijswick, 1697, by Jan Drapentier. PAX ALMA GAVDIVM GOVDÆ (=happy peace, the joy of Gouda) William III, as Hercules, standing right on base, his left foot on the body of the fallen monster Discord, holding club in his right hand and using a torch held in his left to burn arms piled on an altar to right; on the base below William’s feet, J.Drapentier; above, arms of Gouda. Rev. PACI RYSVICIÆ (= to the Peace of Rijswick) Pax, below the rays of the sun and an angel flying left and blowing a trumpet, seated facing, and holding an olive branch and a lyre, on a high base inscribed MDCXCVII / COSS.S.Q. / GOVDANVS / DICARVNT / FEL.SECVLI (=1697, the burgomasters and council of Gouda consecrate this medal to public happiness) and flanked by, on the left, Pan and the personification of Gouda holding a cornucopiae, and, on the right, Poseidon (a personification of the river Gouwe) and Mercury; behind, on the left, view of the Palace of Rijswick and farmers and, on the right, ships at sea. Pax in Nummis 341. Van Loon IV, pp. 248-249 (but without the artist’s signature). Rare and attractive. Beautifully toned. Old scrape within the obverse edge at the bottom, otherwise, extremely fine.
Germany, Lubeck. Medal (Silver, 50mm, 43.35 g 12), by J. Chr. Retecke (1664-1720), late 17th century. ES MUSSE FRIED SEIN INWENDIGE DEINEN MAUREN UND GLUCK IN DEINEN PALASTEN View of the city of Lubeck and its harbor from the east; below, angel holding two shields of arms between I R. Rev. DAS TREWE AVFF DER ERDEN WACHSEUND GERECHTIGKEIT VOM HIMEL SCHAWE God, in circle of rays between two clouds and above a hand holding a balance; below, young man, holding sword, and young woman, holding lilies, standing on left and right and together holding an olive branch over and altar inscribed DE/BIT-CRE/DIT. Behrens 736. Attractive and toned. Extremely fine.
France / Holy Roman Empire. Joseph I. 1705-1711. Medal (Silver, 49mm, 37.49 g 12), on the capture of Lille by Prince Eugene. Unsigned but by C. G. Laufer, 1708. SISTE SOL IN GIBEON ET VNA IN VALLE AIALON (=Sun stand still over Gibeon, Moon stand still over the valley of Aijalon Joshua 10:12 Sun and Moon in the sky over scene of the bombardment of Lille; in exergue, CASTELLVM RYSELL OBSESS: / SVM XXVII OCT.RECEPTVM / VERO IX DEC. (=the citadel of Lille besieged on the 27th of October, taken on the 9th of December) Rev. CONFVNDAMVS LINGVAM EORVM VT NON AVDIAT VNVSQVISQVE VOCEM PROXIMI SVI. (=confounding their languages, each finally could not understand the other) Scene of the building of the Tower of Babel, with all the workers falling into chaos; in exergue, RYSSEL VEL INSVLAE PER / PRINCIPEM EVGENIVM OB- / SESSA 22.AVG.ET 23. / OCT.RECEPTA / 1708. (=Ryssel or Lille, besieged by Prince Eugene on the 22nd of August, taken on the 23rd of October 1708). Eugen in Nummis 131. Horsky 7612. Julius 702. Van Loon V, pp. 121-122, iv. A lovely, beautifully preserved and toned example. Good extremely fine.
Italy, Venice. Medal (Silver, 52mm, 32.16 g 12), struck by order of the Senate to honor the naval engineer Antonio Veruda, who worked under Francesco Bembo at the Arsenal in Venice, 1717. S C Lion of St. Mark facing, nimbate and holding gospels; to left, plants; to right, ships at sea; in exergue, A D 1717. Rev. PRINCIP MVNVS / S C / ANT.VERVDA.NAVISOIIT / FRAN BEMBO / ARSEN PATRONO / A D MDCCXVII Voltolina 1398. Very rare. Very attractively toned. Nearly extremely fine.
Italy, Florence. Francesco III. 1737-1765. Medal (Bronze, 86.5mm, 181 g 12), an original cast by Lorenzo Maria Weber, 1739. FRANCISCVS.III.D.G.LOTH.BAR.ET.M.ETR.D.REX.HIER. Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Francis III of Lorraine to right, wearing a cuirass that is elaborately decorated with scenes of battle. Rev. SPES PVBLICA / ADVEN OPT PRINC / MDCCXXXIX The Grand Duke on horseback to right, greeted by a kneeling personification of the city before the triumphal arch at the Porta San Gallo in Florence; below, signature, I.M.WEBER. Domanig 275. Molinari 160. Vannel-Toderi 373. An attractively darkly toned early cast. Taken from a slightly rusty mold, otherwise, extremely fine.
Switzerland, Lucerne. 1745. Medal for Merit (Silver, 49mm, 44.48 g 12), by J. Brupacher. DOMINVS ILLVMINATIO MEA Crowned and richly ornamented cartouche, bearing the arms of Lucerne, supported by two Wild Men, the one on the left standing facing, head turned to left, and holding a sword and the one on the right seated to left; below cartouche, 1745 and initials I. B Rev. LVCERNA PEDIBVS MEIS Angel flying left with wreath for Madonna and Child seated facing in clouds; all above a view of the city of Lucerne; in exergue. I.BRUPACHER. Haller 1089. Leu Medaillen 815. Wielandt 165 . A lovely, toned example, unusually nice. A few minor marks and traces of an old, ink inventory number (8.46) on the reverse, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Holy Roman Empire. Joseph II. 1765-1790. Medal (Silver, 79mm, 147.90 g 12), struck to commemorate the coronation of Joseph II as emperor and co-regent over the hereditary Hapsburg lands, ruling jointly with his mother Maria Theresia. Engraved by J. Roettiers, undated but 1765. JOSEPHUS II D:G:R:JMP:S:AUG:G:HIER:R:CORREG: Laureate and cuirassed bust of Joseph to right wearing the collar of the Golden Fleece; on the shoulder truncation, ROËTTIERS F. Rev. PAX ET IUCUNDITAS POPULORUM // INITIA JMPERII / AUG: Female personification standing left, holding a cornucopiae in her left hand and a balance and sword with her right; at her feet, to left, barrels and crates as symbols of commerce and, to right, technical instruments and terrestrial globe symbolizing science; to left, builders at work with a farmer plowing before; to right, soldiers drilling; in tiny letters on the exergual line, ROETTIERS. Bingen p. 114, 9. Y. Kenis, Catalogue des médailles et jetons des Pays-Bas autrichiens (1715-1794) Bruxelles 2000, 51. Probszt, Schaumünzen, 184. Very rare. An impressive and very well preserved medal. Some slight metal porosity, very minor marks and a very slight edge mark, otherwise, good extremely fine.
Italy, Venice and Rome. Abbondio Rezzonico. 1742-1810. Medal (Silver, 62.25mm, 92.38 g 12), in honor of Rezzonico’s appointment as Senator in Rome during the Papacy of his uncle, Clement XIII (1758-1769), by Antonio Pazzaglia in Rome, 1766. ABVNDIVS REZZONICO SENATOR VRBIS Bare headed bust of Rezzonico to right, wearing elaborate robes; beneath bust; PAZZAGLIA Rev. CLEMENTIS XIII P M PATRVI ANNO VIII / MDCCLXVI Roma seated facing on throne, turned to right; behind classical arms and standards. Forrer IV, 440. Voltolina 1579. Extremely rare. Nicely toned and with a fine portrait. Some minor die breaks as usual and some minor marks, otherwise, extremely fine.