Philip II. As Caesar, AD 244-247. Sestertius (Orichalcum, 32mm, 18.29 g 12), Rome, 244-246. M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES Bare-headed and draped bust of Philip II to right. Rev. PRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS / S-C Philip II as Princeps Iuventutis, in military attire standing left, holding standard in his outstretched right hand and reversed spear in his left. Cohen 62. RIC 258. A particularly nice example, well centered and sharply struck. With an unusually detailed and well preserved reverse and an attractive brown-green patina. Extremely fine.
From a Swiss collection.
We do not know much about Philip II and his life: not only is this caused by the absence of litterary sources, but also because his life was so short. Philip II was appointed Caesar and Princeps Iuventutis at the age of 6 when his father Philip I Arabs became emperor in the summer of 244. A year later he became consul and was elevated by his father to the rank of Augustus. After two years of a co-rulership, both emperors were killed: Philip I by his successor Trajan Decius in a battle at Verona (or Beroia in Macedonia or Beroia in Thrace?) and Philip II by the Praetorian Guard in Rome. The lovely portrait on this specimen gives us an impression of how young Philip II must have looked when the coin was struck.